Lou Lang isn’t a household name, but the veteran state legislator is well known to many as the driving force behind one of the biggest changes to Illinois’ law books in decades: The legalization of medical marijuana.
He’s also been showered with political donations given by parties interested in what’s expected to be a multi-million-dollar industry in Illinois.
A Better Government Association review found Lang’s campaign fund collected about $50,000 in donations flowing from would-be pot growers and sellers, lobbyists who counted them as clients and other interested parties since 2009 (the year Lang first introduced medical marijuana legislation.) The donations are an example of Lang’s ability to draw money from his support of laws on a host of contentious topics.
“I take on a lot of very controversial and difficult legislation because I enjoy taking on things that no one else will take on,” Lang told the BGA.
Under the new law championed by Lang, doctors will be able to prescribe marijuana to treat the symptoms of certain chronic and terminal illnesses. State government, which will oversee medicinal pot when it hits the market likely next year, decided earlier this year which businesses will be allowed to grow and sell marijuana.
The law, signed by then-Gov. Pat Quinn in 2013, precludes holders of medical marijuana dispensary or cultivation licenses from making campaign donations to politicians. But people and companies seeking licenses – as well as lobbyists, lawyers or others representing the industry – are free to give to political funds.
Lang said donations don’t drive his agenda on marijuana or anything else. He said he’s only motivated to raise revenue for local government and help vulnerable people.
“No one would be able to say I took a single dollar from anybody for the wrong purposes,” he said.
The 65-year-old Democrat and one-time candidate for Illinois governor said campaign money likely flows to him because of his leadership role as deputy majority leader and his position on the powerful Joint Council on Administrative Rules, which makes sure laws for things such as medical marijuana are implemented correctly.
“There are certainly times when policy follows the money and other times when the money follows policy,” said Kent Redfield, emeritus professor of political science at the University of Illinois at Springfield.
Lang is still pushing forward on medical marijuana legalization, sponsoring a follow-up bill that would extend the state’s medical pot program beyond a 2017 sunset. He also sponsored a bill that passed the General Assembly last month that would decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana, making it a petty offense – rather than a misdemeanor – punishable by a $100 ticket.
Marijuana is the latest in a series of legislative drives that help build Lang’s reputation as a go-to lawmaker on so-called vice issues.
Following the money
Whether it’s gambling, booze or tobacco, Lang’s campaign coffers benefit from contributions. Lang’s campaign fund is one of the largest for a state lawmaker, with more than $1 million. During his 28 years as an Illinois legislator, Lang received more than $6.56 million in donations, state campaign finance records show.
An analysis by the BGA found gaming interests donated a total of almost half a million dollars to Lang’s campaign fund, while liquor and tobacco representatives together donated about $300,000.
Political contributions from health care representatives, including nursing homes ($300,000) and pharmaceutical makers ($60,000) rival the tobacco and liquor industry donations. Lang notes that he has a number of nursing homes in his 16th Legislative District covering Chicago’s Far North Side and parts of Skokie and Morton Grove.
Other large contributors include payday and title loan companies, which collectively gave Lang’s campaign more than $100,000. He’s also taken about $1 million from labor groups.
Pot of Gold
Lawmaker Lang collects roughly $50,000 from people with potential interests in medical marijuana.
A lot of people stand to make a lot of money from medical marijuana in Illinois.
Some of those people and their representatives gave money to the campaign fund of state Rep. Lou Lang, the man who helped usher in medical marijuana to Illinois.
The Better Government Association reviewed state campaign finance records and found the following:
- Sanford Stein, a Chicago attorney, donated $13,850 to Lang’s campaign fund since 2009, according to the Illinois State Board of Elections. During that time his clients included medical marijuana companies Jadecore, Cloud 9 Organics, Greenleaf Organics, Agwea and In Grown Farms – which was awarded a cultivation license earlier this year.
- Former state Rep. Julie Curry, now a lobbyist, donated $3,500 to Lang since 2009, state campaign records show. Her clients during that time included at least two medical marijuana companies, Organic Leaf Medical Dispensaries and PM Rx, which filed a lawsuit over the selection process after losing its bid. The lawsuit was dropped after the CEO’s sudden death.
- The Thomson Weir lobbying firm donated $1,500 to Lang in 2013, state campaign records show. This year, one of its former clients, Pharmacann LLC, was awarded two cultivation licenses and up to four dispensary licenses.
- Lang’s former college roommate, Samuel Borek, donated $15,430 to Lang since 1995 – $1,180 of that since 2009, state campaign records show. He was an attorney for Alternative Treatments Ltd., which received a license earlier this year to operate a dispensary in East Dundee. Borek died in December.
- Lobbyist Matthew O’Shea, whose clients included the medical marijuana firm Medponics Illinois, has donated $2,500 to Lang since 2012, records show. Medponics lost its bid for a license and is now suing the state Department of Agriculture, which oversaw the licensing for cultivation centers.
- O’Shea said he donated because he worked on medical marijuana legislation when he was on the legislative staff for now-former Illinois House Republican Minority Leader Tom Cross. What’s more, O’Shea said his father is in remission from cancer and could benefit from the drug.
Cancer is on the list of ailments qualifying for medical marijuana, along with other conditions, including muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury, rheumatoid arthritis and HIV/AIDS.
“It’s personal for me,” O’Shea said. Licenses were awarded “through a sealed process, I don’t see how anybody would have a leg up . . . it was out of our hands once the applications went in.”
O’Shea’s comments were echoed by other medical marijuana-related donors who said that even if they gave campaign money to Lang to show support to someone championing their cause, the money did not and could not have influenced decision-making.
It’s worth noting some of the lobbyists and law firms working for the medical marijuana industry did only limited work for those businesses and had other clients in other industries as well.
Lang’s bill legalized medical marijuana. But applicants to grow and sell the drug were vetted by Quinn administration bureaucrats (with the process finalized and announced by Quinn’s successor, Gov. Bruce Rauner) and were blindly scored, without names or other identifiers to avoid favoritism.
King of gaming
Before his work on medical marijuana, Lang earned a reputation for expanded legalized gambling in Illinois, proposing dozens of bills over the years seeking to increase wagering in casinos and horse tracks, with slot machines, video consoles and the Internet.
He was among the forces behind the controversial 2009 legislation that allowed municipalities to offer video gaming. Since video gambling went live in 2012, thousands of machines sprouted in thousands of locations including florist shops, truck stops, cafes and coin laundries. Even Lang said the law went well beyond the original intention.
Lang said he is sitting out the debate over a next wave of possible gambling expansion – a hot issue as the City of Chicago and some other financially strapped Illinois towns promote the idea of new casinos to create more tax revenue.
In May 2013, Lang recused himself from what he called “broad-based gaming” legislation after critics howled that he had a conflict of interest. He was sponsoring a bill that would allow five new casinos, including in Chicago, Rockford and the south suburbs.
The law firm Odelson & Sterk was hired by the City of Rockford around the same time to handle worker compensation and flooding claims cases. The firm also represented Calumet City, which has been mentioned over the years as a candidate for a casino. Lang is an attorney “of counsel” for that law firm, which represents numerous municipal governments and school boards. He also is affiliated with the law firm Goldberg Weisman Cairo, which specializes in personal injury cases.
“It was not a conflict of interest at all, but the perception that it might be caused me to say: ‘I don’t want to damage the issue,’” Lang said.
As for current casino legislation, Lang said he has not been involved “in any way.”
Lang’s campaign contributions from the gaming industry include at least $78,100 from members of the Bluhm family. Billionaire Neil Bluhm is chairman of the venture that owns Des Plaines’ Rivers Casino, the state’s newest and most lucrative casino.
“I’ve been a long-time supporter of Rep. Lang,” Bluhm said in a statement. “Although we don’t always agree, I am always impressed with how hard he works on behalf of the district where I grew up with my parents and how informed he is on the issues.”
Gambling opponents say Lang is contributing to social problems, including drawing in low-income people who can least afford to lose money.
“The only way you grow your revenues from predatory gambling is you add more and more forms of extreme gambling into communities – that’s what Lou Lang and his colleagues are doing,” said Les Bernal, national director of the organization Stop Predatory Gambling. “It’s a failed policy that’s creating more inequality, and the only people that win are the people that run the gambling operations and a handful of public officials like Lou Lang who get campaign contributions and some favorable public relations.”
Lang counters: “There are certainly people who should not gamble, but if you know anything about people who gamble, you know whether the casino is in Chicago or Rosemont or Gary, Ind., they’re going to find it.”
This story was written and reported by Better Government Association contributor Kari Lydersen. To contact the BGA please call (312) 427-8330.